The new tasks of the SCO were outlined in Moscow« Back
October 13 in Moscow, an international scientific and practical conference on trade and economic cooperation in the space of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) – 2017 took place.
The event was organized by the All-Russian Academy of Foreign Trade of the Ministry of Economic Development of Russia. The theme of the conference is "The Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) is a promising platform for broad mutually beneficial cooperation and integration in Eurasia".
Participants included representatives of SCO member states, as well as observer states and partners in the dialogue of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization. During the conference, Deputy Minister of Economic Development of Russia Alexei Gruzdev once again highlighted the priority areas of cooperation, including electronic commerce, information and communication technologies, innovations, digital technologies. He also noted the main tasks of the organization. Among them, the development of trade and economic interactions in the SCO space, the development of the transport sector and the more active involvement of small and medium-sized businesses in trade and economic relations.
The conference was held in three sessions: "Prospects for the development of the SCO in the modern global and regional context", "Strategic vision of the development of the SCO and proposals of the SCO members on the long-term agenda of cooperation in trade and economic, investment, infrastructure, technological, innovation, institutional, political and humanitarian spheres "and" Realizing the potential of business interaction in the SCO space: opportunities, priorities and constraints for cooperation ". The participants of the conference put forward their proposals for improving the interaction of the SCO member states, and exchanged views on resolving the problems of the organization.
"Their accession not only expanded the geographical boundaries of the Organization, but also enriched its economic potential. Now the population of the SCO countries exceeds 40% of the world, the total parity GDP is close to 30% of global GDP, the share in international trade reaches 15%, "Gruzdev said. He stressed that one of the main tasks of the Organization is the development of trade and economic cooperation, taking into account the opening opportunities, which include the increase in consumer and investment demand, the availability of human and technological resources.
The Deputy Minister of Economic Development of Russia said that on the initiative of the administration of the Chelyabinsk region on the interregional track, it is planned to create a Forum of the heads of regions of the SCO, which will make this area of cooperation systemic and regular.
"In this regard, much attention is paid to the Small and Medium Business Forum of the regions of the SCO member states and the BRICS countries, which is held annually in Russia in Ufa. At the end of September, the third meeting of this forum was held, representatives of 13 countries took part in its work, "Gruzdev said. In his opinion, there is a serious potential for active trade, economic and investment cooperation on the Eurasian continent, where the SCO could act as one of the key elements.
"It's about the concept of Greater Eurasia, focused on creating a Eurasian economic partnership, which was previously spoken by Russian President Vladimir Putin. That is, a partnership covering a wide range of issues of economic interaction and generating new opportunities for cooperation and development for all interested parties, "Gruzdev said.
In the plenary session, participants discussed the prospects of development of the SCO in today's global and regional context, expressed their opinions and made suggestions for the development of trade and economic cooperation. The discussion was attended by Deputy Director of the Research Institute of International Trade and Economic Cooperation under the Ministry of Commerce of China Li Gang, deputy governor of the Chelyabinsk region Ruslan Gattarov, President of the Chamber of Commerce Bashkirii Azat Fazlyev, Afghanistan's ambassador to Russia Abdul Qayum Kochan and Deputy Director of the Department of integration of the Eurasian Economic commission of Saadat Asanseitov.
Alexander Knobel, Director of the Institute for International Economics and Finance, Alexander Vinogradov stressed that the Organization creates new prospects for trade and economic cooperation.
"Our task is to open these prospects as efficiently as possible. Now the most favorable conditions are developing in the world, and we should take advantage of them, "he said. "We are actively developing the process of integration in the post-Soviet space, bringing the activity of the Eurasian Economic Union to a new level."
Executive Secretary of the SCO Business Council Sergey Kanavsky noted the importance of developing transit potential, e-commerce and programs for implementing the concept of a broad Eurasian partnership.
"It's not just about e-commerce, but more about digital economy." High-tech information technologies allow to initiate and implement projects in the field of transport (logistics, control the movement of goods), energy, health and tourism. This allows us to organize the interaction between business structures in different directions. "
Andrei Spartak, Director of the All-Russian Research Institute for Market Research, pointed to the development of transport and logistics as one of the promising areas for the development of the SCO. He also recalled that the SCO includes 4 nuclear powers, and "it would be logical if the topic of peaceful use of the atom was on the agenda of the Organization," said Spartak.
The Trade Representative of the Republic of Armenia in the Russian Federation Karen Asoyan suggested considering the option of creating a railway from China through Iran and Armenia to Europe. Such a highway, he believes, would be quite efficient and economically convenient transport artery.
Within the framework of the expert session, the conference participants discussed the strategic vision of the development of the SCO and proposed their promising options for cooperation in trade and economic, investment, infrastructure, technology, innovation, institutional, regulatory and humanitarian spheres.
Senior researcher at the Center for the Study of Russia of the Institute of International Economic Relations and Regional Development and the Institute for the Study of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization of the East China Normal University, Wang Haiyan, proposed the joint development of the three economic corridors along the Economic Silk Road Belt (ESRP). "The EAEC and the EPPP need to strengthen business cooperation based on the SCO," she said. Wang Haiyan believes that it is necessary to create platforms for the development of trade and investment, and in the framework of the mechanism of economic corridors jointly create transnational economic cooperation zones, bilateral or multilateral free trade zones.
Nelly Semenova, a researcher at the Center for Energy and Transport Studies at the Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, spoke about the role of the SCO in implementing the eastern vector of the energy strategy of the Russian Federation, noting that fuel and energy issues require a new look at the format of cooperation within the SCO and needs to be improved and developed. She believes that the creation of the SCO Energy Club, which will open new opportunities for the development of the organization, is a strategically important event.
"For the SCO, a large integration structure, it is just now economically and politically rational to lay long-term decisions related to the development of a strategic planning document of the SCO member states based on the harmonization of national long-term strategies for social and economic development," stressed Nelli Semenova.
At the end of the session, the issue of realizing the potential of business interaction in the SCO space was discussed. The discussion was opened by the special representative of the President of Russia on SCO affairs Bakhtiyor Khakimov. The discussion was attended by the Chairman of the Board of the Russian-Chinese Center for Trade and Economic Cooperation, Sergey Sanakoyev, First Vice President of the Russian-Asian Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs Margarita Fedotova, President of the Association for the Development of Russian-Chinese Trade and Economic Relations "Sino-RUS" Oleg Demikhov, Executive Director Association of electronic trading platforms Ilya Dimitrov, director of "NCCC" Maxim Dyshlyuk and Iran's trade representative in Russia Parand Farhad. Deputy Chairman of the Russian Youth Union Tatyana Seliverstova noted the importance of creating a permanent site in the format of international student business incubators that promote the development of small and medium-sized businesses of young entrepreneurs of different countries.
Summing up the results of the conference, Denis Tyurin, Director of the SCO Business Club, said in an interview with the correspondent of the InfoShOS portal: "The main objective of this event was the development of proposals for the meeting of the Ministers of Economic Development of the SCO member states to be held in Moscow in November and will precede a meeting of the heads of government of the SCO member states on November 30. Unfortunately, the economic agenda in the SCO lags somewhat behind the development of cooperation in the political and humanitarian spheres, which is why the collection of proposals, ideas, and new thoughts from the business community is very important in order to revive and raise to a qualitatively new level economic cooperation between the countries -participants of the Organization. During the conference, several interesting new ideas were voiced, which will soon be studied from different sides and, perhaps, will eventually be submitted to the meeting of the Council of Heads of Government of the SCO member states".