The future of the SCO: "The East must offer an alternative to Westernization"« Back
Sochi Eurasian Integration Forum "Prospects for Development and Strengthening of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization"
The countries of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization in the near historical perspective will face fundamentally new international threats. As the correspondent of IA REGNUM reports, the director of the Institute for Far Eastern Studies (IFES) of the Russian Academy of Sciences, the head of the Center for the Study of Strategic Problems of the Northeast Asia and the SCO of the IFES RAS, the Doctor of Historical Sciences (Russia) Sergei Luzyanin noted, summing up the Second Sochi Eurasian Integration Forum "Prospects for Development and strengthening of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization ".
"The main leitmotif of the speeches is the statement of a new, higher, more dangerous level of threats both for the members of the SCO and for the states of Eurasia as a whole. And all noted the actual happening balancing of the SCO member states and other organizations between the world and the war", - said Luzyanin.
All forum participants agreed that the basic, systemic reason for this state of affairs is the uncertainty, unpredictability of the aggressive policy of the US and its allies. As Maria Saadeh, a former independent member of the parliament of the Syrian Arab Republic, noted, the crisis in Syria is actually projected onto the entire Eurasian space as a whole, thereby forcing the countries of the continent, including within the SCO, consolidate efforts in the search for an alternative multipolar world.
At the same time, there is a colossal diversification of challenges and complications of threats, the combination of old terrorist forces and new "coming from the Middle East", from Syria, from Iraq.
"This synthesis is a rattling mixture that poses a threat to the SCO territory," Luzyanin summed up.
In this regard, a special sharpness at the forum was the question of how fast the expansion of the SCO should be. Chinese representatives, in particular the professor of the SCO Center for Studies of the Chinese Institute for International Studies Shi Jie, noted the risks associated with expanding the SCO to eight participants and the difficulty of settling many issues in terms of agreeing and achieving full consensus.
At the same time, Indian experts pointed out that this problem is surmountable; moreover, Iran expressed a desire to join the permanent members of the SCO, which could serve as a powerful stimulus for development and anti-terrorist initiatives within the organization.
In particular, the experts came to the conclusion that it is necessary to increase cooperation in the field of security between the SCO and the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO). Without changing the structure of the SCO and preserving its complex character, they proposed strengthening the military-strength components of the organization, including the functional strengthening of the anti-terrorist center in Tashkent and the SCO secretariat in the security sphere.
Experts' reports "reflected the idea that the forces of the collective West had compromised themselves by having acted in fact with crimes that are characterized as crimes against humanity," said the director of the Research Institute for International and Regional Cooperation, Doctor of Historical Sciences (Kazakhstan) ) Bulat Sultanov.
"You can give a lot of arguments, whether there was (in the incident with the Fiddles) a Beginner, or BZ, Spy Skrypal or he is a former Colonel of the GRU ... But unequivocally there are two indisputable moments that stem from all that bacchanalia that has been right in the West. Julia Skripal is a Russian citizen. And what London is doing to a Russian citizen is not only a gross violation of international law, but also a violation of fundamental human rights", Sultanov said.
Equally unanimously, the forum participants condemned the bombardment of Syria by the United States.
"The shelling of Syria by Trump was explained by the need to liquidate the stockpiles of chemical weapons and equipment for its production. A normal person comes from such goals with a stupor. Because if you set the task of destroying chemical weapons, as a result of rocket fire a stable cloud of mass destruction arises that would cover a significant territory of Syria and would lead to the destruction of tens of thousands of people. Sorry, this is genocide. And if there were no chemical weapons there, and since it was taken out by the OPCW, then the reason for the US military aggression against Syria is unclear from the outset, "he said.
"All the actions of the organized West against Russia can be considered precisely on the basis of these two precedents - violations of human rights and complete discrediting of the policy of the country's leadership," stressed Sultanov.
In connection with the increase in international threats, experts called for speeding up the implementation of a number of SCO humanitarian initiatives, including the creation of a socio-political initiative of the peoples and cultures of the SCO countries, the formation of educational institutions, SCO institutions, as well as many other initiatives of various scale, including the compilation of a textbook on history of organization, development and control of tourism business of SCO member states and others.
Ultimately, these tasks should serve a single goal: the formation of an eastern alternative to a globalized globalization.
"The East must offer an alternative to Westernization. Such an alternative could be the subject of research and political scientists, and culture specialists and philosophers. The importance of such a regional organization as the SCO is required by life, it is necessary and in the future works to unite all those who oppose the dictates of the West, "Sultanov stressed.
The Second Sochi Eurasian Integration Forum "Prospects for the Development and Strengthening of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization" was held for two days - April 17 and 18. About 200 delegates from 17 SCO member countries, observer countries and dialogue partners of this international organization, including from India, Pakistan, China, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Kazakhstan, Russia, Mongolia and others took part in the Forum.
At the summit's venues, meetings were held, divided into three themes: "Greater Eurasia. The World Order, Security and the Fight against Terrorism"," The SCO and the Economic and Integration Processes in Eurasia. Economics, energy, transport and migration" , "Interaction of cultures and religions. Ecology and conservation
Among them, experts discussed the prospects for the growth of the SCO economies, opportunities for interfacing various integration projects in Eurasia, as well as strategic risks for the SCO member states.
The forum was opened and closed by First Deputy Chairman of the State Duma Committee for CIS Affairs Konstantin Zatulin. At the end of the two-day forum, the participants adopted a final resolution. The document notes that the activities of the SCO testify to the emergence of a multipolar system of international relations and an independent multinational community.
The document notes that the SCO platform can serve as a basis for the integration of the regional integration projects of the EAEC, "One Belt - One Way", APEC, and for the formation of bilateral relations among the SCO countries among themselves and third countries.
At the same time, the forum participants opposed the imposition of alien political and economic models on the peoples and states of Eurasia, as well as attempts to dictate by the forces of other regions. In particular, representatives of the SCO countries unanimously condemned the aggression of the United States, Britain and France against Syria on April 14, 2018, which "not only does not contribute to the fight against the world evil, it damages the intra-Syrian dialogue that has begun, but also brings the whole world to the threshold of a global military conflict."