SCO and the formation of a large Eurasian partnership« Back
Today, international organizations and institutions, such as the UN and the WTO, are experiencing difficult times. Donald Trump’s policies questioned the sustainability of even strong international formats based on common interests and values. This, above all, concerns an important club of Western countries - the “Big Seven”. Relations of the G7 members are in a state of crisis today. Summits 2017 and 2018 were failures. The question arises: will the West remain in its usual format?
The European Union also had to face difficulties. The relationship format created after the end of the Cold War today is undergoing changes. Not everyone was happy with the fact that some EU countries received more benefits from integration than others.
Friends and allies in international politics exist as long as there is a common threat or common trade and economic interests. If this is not the case, the countries become indifferent towards each other. Against this background, the contradictions that sooner or later lead to a clarification of the relationship may be exacerbated.
Against this background, the activity of collective institutions of “non-Western countries” looks more stable. The concept of "Greater Eurasia" involves the creation of a common trade and economic system on the Eurasian continent, and the spread of its interests in North and East Africa, as well as on the Pacific Islands. The union may include the countries of the SCO, BRICS, the EU, the EAEU and OPEC. Their overall mission is to ensure free access to each other’s markets and the operation of sea and land trade routes.
Of course, today the SCO and BRICS cannot give the world as much as traditional Western institutions. For a long time, this fact allowed Western politicians and experts to talk about them with some neglect. However, one should not forget that both formats are rather young and not all the contradictions between the countries have been resolved. At the same time, it is very important that the SCO has proved the ability of countries to develop common views on important problems, while preserving their own interests. It is possible that such a way to interact in the future can become a model for international organizations.
International relations at the present stage have entered a period of unprecedented global shift for the first time since the end of the Second World War. Such countries as China and India, whose role in world affairs grows with the growth of economic and political influence, have become its catalyst.
Currently, the SCO has received a new impetus and is in the process of transformation from a narrowly regional to a Eurasian organization, designed to focus on macro-regional development. It is worth noting that the Organization has the necessary potential for this and today its implementation is facilitated by external conditions. Increasing pressure from Western countries is pushing the SCO countries towards each other. Power reconstruction of the world, launched by the United States, requires an adequate response. The states and international institutions of Eurasia turned out to be prepared for this somewhat better than Europe.
The Russian presidency of the SCO, which begins already in June of this year, will be called upon to answer the question about the future of the Organization as an institution of international cooperation. Perhaps one of the solutions will be the movement towards the creation of a deep free trade zone within the framework of the SCO in the future.
It is possible that one of the tasks of the Russian presidency in the SCO will be to develop the concept of the Great Eurasian Partnership. That it could give some at the diplomatic and external economic level. A partnership of this kind can be based on such principles of the SCO as openness equality inclusion of all states in common affairs.