“Pro-Chinese character of Integration": In whose interests does the SCO develop?”« Back
Despite the successes of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization countries in strengthening regional security, the SCO member states have not yet been able to move on to a systemic approach in the development of integration economic projects. As the correspondent of IA REGNUM reports, this was announced April 17 by the founder and head of the Central Eurasia Analytical Group (Uzbekistan) Vladimir Paramonov at the Second Sochi Eurasian Integration Forum "Prospects for the Development and Strengthening of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization".
"There is no well-organized systematic expert-analytical and, especially, scientific support for projects within the SCO framework, including infrastructure ones. There is no elaboration of projects from the point of view of the system approach. It can be profitable from an economic point of view, but it destroys the social sphere of specific countries. With the expansion of the SCO (the adoption of India, Pakistan), these problems have become even more intense", Paramonov said.
According to him, such a problem is observed in the overwhelming number of SCO member countries, many decisions are based essentially on short-term interests, but are declared as full-fledged projects. At the same time, it is possible to talk about a really long-term planning of all integration measures, in his opinion, only in China.
"In China, this formula works. They have hundreds of centers working for the same Central Asia, under the project "One belt - One way" ... everywhere huge financial resources, many experts for the last ten years. The rest of the countries do not have this - a hole", he pointed out.
"In my opinion, we should think about analytical support of projects. Interstate research projects are needed. And if this is not done, then the projects that are moving forward today will have a purely pro-Chinese character and will be implemented in the interests of China", Paramonov believes.
Director of the Center for East Asia and the SCO, Moscow State Institute of International Relations Alexander Lukin, in his turn, noted at all that the economic successes within the SCO framework are not noticeable at all.
"When they report on economic cooperation, officials talk about bilateral cooperation and issue it for the work of the SCO. The SCO creates certain conditions for bilateral cooperation. However, there is a lot of talk, more than 15 years the idea of creating a financing mechanism in the form of a bank. At the same time, BRICS Bank was established, and in the SCO there is still nothing like this", he said.
In this regard, he noted that China put forward the idea of the Silk Road, including for the reason that the SCO did not take sufficiently active counter measures within the SCO, as a result of which Beijing decided to take the initiative.
The greatest successes of the SCO are observed in the sphere of security: regular joint exercises are conducted, the fight against terrorism is being carried out, the regional anti-terrorist structure of the organization in Tashkent is operating, thanks to which the SCO member countries actively exchange information and coordinate their actions. However, in the sphere of international politics, much work remains to be done, since the SCO countries are rather inconsistent and uncertain about the West's actions - as can be judged, for example, in the light of the latest US attack in Syria
"The UN Security Council was instructed not to vote against. Both China and Pakistan abstained ... In the question of how to protect international law, there are opportunities for improvement", Lukin said.
The forum participants noted the need to strengthen the security of the SCO countries and neighboring countries, and special concern was expressed in connection with the situation in Afghanistan. In particular, the first deputy chairman of the Meshrano Jirga of the Parliament of Afghanistan, Isidyar Mohammad Alam, noted that the problem cannot be solved by purely military methods, and therefore it is possible to stop the spread of the terrorist threat in Central Asia only through interregional integration, the efforts of all countries of the region and the world to achieve sustainable development. Adviser to the Minister of Foreign Affairs, formerly Director General of the Institute for Political and International Studies (IPIS) of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Islamic Republic of Iran Mousavi Seyed Rasul said that Iran has the most successful experience in combating terrorism among the SCO states and proposed to focus the activities of the countries of the organization on sharing experience in this direction.
In turn, the dean of the Higher School (Faculty) of Television of Lomonosov Moscow State University Vitaly Tretyakov noted that the key mistake of the SCO countries is that they cannot work out a single policy in the field of collective security. Appropriate decisions should be accompanied by the liquidation of military bases and military structures of third forces that are not related to the SCO, the political scientist believes.
The only person who can stand higher is the UN," he said.
In the long term, the SCO countries should be focused on combining legal and diplomatic services to gradually form the basis for the emergence of structures that could replace the discredited Organization of the United Nations.
"I see the SCO as one of the regional alternatives to the United Nations, which then, united with other similar structures, will create a new analogue of the United Nations," added Tretyakov.
On 17 and 18 April, the Second Sochi Eurasian Integration Forum "Prospects for the Development and Strengthening of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization" is being held. About 200 representatives of 17 SCO member countries, observer states, as well as partner countries for dialogue, including from Russia, the People's Republic of China, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Pakistan, Afghanistan, and India take part in it.