Iranian atom reconciles Russia and Europe« Back
Iranian President Hasan Ruhani said that the leader of a single country cannot alone abolish the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (SVAP) signed between Tehran and the six international mediators in 2015. This was a response to the strategy announced by US President Donald Tramp concerning the Islamic Republic. The European community believes that if America initiates a unilateral withdrawal from the SVPD, this will put Russia and Europe in one camp.
"We will respect the principles of the deal as long as our interests are respected," Ruhani said in response to the speech of the American leader. "But if our partners try to ignore their obligations under the agreement, we will not hesitate."
The Iranian people, according to Ruhani, are now more resolute than ever. Speaking of the SVAP, the Iranian president explained: "This is an international multilateral agreement ratified by the Security Council. This is a UN document. Is it possible for the president to unilaterally cancel this important international deal? Apparently, he (notably Trump. - NG) is not in the know. " Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif said that the speech of the American president testifies to the absence of any strategy.
The leaders of the European countries, which are among the signatories of the SVAP of international mediators, were disappointed by Trump's decision. A joint statement by France, Germany and the UK expresses disagreement with the US assessment of how Iran fulfills its obligations under the "nuclear deal". The EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs Federica Magerini noted that the Islamic Republic did not allow a single violation. Much more categorically sounded the speech of Foreign Minister of Germany Zigmar Gabriel, who called on Europe to remain united in the face of such steps from the White House. "We must also tell the Americans that their behavior towards the Iranian issue puts us Europeans in the same position with Russia and China against the United States." However, Gabriel noted that the SVAP is an important tool to prevent the development of a military atom in Iran. The confrontational strategy, announced by the US president, consists of items that include measures to "neutralize the destabilizing influence of the Iranian leadership and to contain its aggression, especially in the field of supporting terrorism and various militants." "We are stepping up our traditional alliances and regional partnership in order to gain support in the fight against Iran's subversion, and we will restore a more stable balance of power in the region," the statement released by the White House said. The US statement refers to the negative impact of the Islamic Revolution Guards Corps (IRGC) on neighboring countries and the need to prevent the development of a missile program in the Islamic Republic, which, from Washington's point of view, threatens stability in the Middle East.
In the course of his speech, Trump refused to certify Iran's compliance with its obligations under the SVAP, arguing that on two occasions Tehran exceeded the agreed limit of 130 tons of heavy water and did not meet American expectations in the field of centrifuges. "But the saddest part of the deal for the United States is that all funds have been paid (Iran .-" NG ") in advance," Trump said. - Unheard of. This was done not at the end of the transaction, when they (the Iranians - "NG") showed that they were playing by the rules. " The plan of new sanctions against the IRGC was entrusted to the Ministry of Finance of the United States. Congress, in turn, according to Trump, must do its work on making changes to the Iranian deal. "But if we cannot reach a decision with the Congress and our allies, the agreement will be terminated," the US president promised.
It is not known in which direction the members of Congress intend to move, in which Trump laid the burden of responsibility for the fate of the deal. "We very much hope that the Congress, which is now responsible for the possible rupture, will not jeopardize the agreement," French Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian said in a conversation with AFP. "If we condemn an agreement that is respected, this will create a dangerous precedent." Especially dangerous, from the point of view of the head of French diplomacy, is that the events unfold against the backdrop of attempts to seize North Korea at the negotiating table and disarm.
"Trump is irreconcilable with legislative norms," Lana Ravandi-Fadai, senior researcher at the Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, told NG. "He treats irreconcilably with what was done by former President Obama, who said that the United States is ready to extend the hand of friendship to Iran. Iran for Trump is a sore spot. But what he is proposing is beyond the scope of international law, because the SVPD is a multilateral treaty, and the US does not have an exclusive unilateral withdrawal from this agreement. Trump announced three critical points. One of them is the following: if US intelligence declares that Iran violates the treaty, sanctions are immediately resumed. We know perfectly well how US intelligence was looking for weapons of mass destruction in Iraq. We see what has become of this country now. "
However, the analyst expresses uncertainty that the US Congress will go on the dissolution of the deal. "Most likely, these Trump solutions will not be supported," Ravandi-Fadai said. "If he approves of all this, the United States will be harmed first of all, because there will be a contradiction with the interests of other states. Many European countries now declare the dishonesty of such a policy of Trump". The expert also draws attention to the way his surroundings relate to the anti-Iranian policy of the American president: some of his associates persuade him to take a softer. As for the restrictive measures against the IRGC, the expert agrees with the thesis that this is more of a public gesture. "The worst thing that happened in Iran was when the SWIFT banking system was closed down," Ravandi-Fadai said, commenting on the possibility of the sanctions regime. "Iran has lived under sanctions for many years. It's hard, but the country is coping and finding a way out". However, to expect that the US will immediately apply all the levers of pressure on Iran, it is not worth it, the analyst is sure. "The use of such a force can lead to an internal crisis in the United States," Ravandi-Fadai said.