China, Russia and India for a fairer world order« Back
The pursuit of a multipolar world and globalization remain a global trend, although the international community seems to be returning to an era of great power rivalry. As the main driving forces for building a new world order based on multipolarity, China, Russia and India should strengthen cooperation mechanisms, deepen interaction and clarify their priorities at different stages of this process at regular meetings of foreign ministers.
But none of the three countries has established relations with the other two to challenge the US leading role in a unipolar world that emerged after the end of the Cold War; neither did they try to invent the bicycle.
Beijing, Moscow and New Delhi have expressed their willingness to cooperate. As the late Chinese leader, Deng Xiaoping, asserted, the “age of Asia” cannot be realized without the development of China and India and cooperation between them.
In the 1990’s, China, Russia and India cooperated well in the UN and in other forums and venues in order to oppose the schemes and conspiracies organized against them by the West at the suggestion of the United States. After the global financial crisis of 2008, cooperation between China, Russia and India began to develop rapidly through the creation of various mechanisms, including BRICS, the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank and the G-20.
The West lost a significant part of its power, and the change in world order accelerated. As the three largest developing economies, China, India and Russia realized the need to improve relations not only to advance each other’s interests, but also to ensure the security and interests of the region, and they came to grips with it.
They are able to unite developing countries and West-talks with the United States and the rest of the West, developing effective strategic relations and building up joint power on the world stage. However, the three countries have no intention of forming a coalition. They just want to create a new center of power in international relations. Their common goal is to support the movement towards a multipolar world, although this is a long process. Mindful of this goal, they must continue to saturate trilateral interaction with strategic content and solve practical issues.
Trilateral cooperation entered a new phase after India became an official member of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, and the leaders of China and India met in Wuhan (Hubei Province, China) in 2018. Considering that the US is going its own way, promoting its “America first and foremost, and in countering globalization, China, Russia and India must take up the challenge and take responsibility for protecting the interests of developing countries, ensuring security in the region and promoting a fair world order.
Three countries face a common challenge: curbing the spread of the “three forces of evil” - terrorism, extremism and separatism. These forces are extremely active in Central and South Asia.
China, Russia and India must work closely together to achieve stability in Afghanistan in order to prevent the spread of evil forces and provide a safe environment for the articulation of their development strategies in the region.
But most importantly, they need to be aware of the growing demands for security and adapt to the new situation, characterized by the war against terrorism, which the United States is not able to lead. Thus, the three countries should ensure the security of the region, deepening their cooperation, for which they need to hold regular meetings, including on such sites as the SCO, and build a new security environment conducive to the integration of development strategies.
In addition, they need to strengthen strategic cooperation. The requirements of Eurasia and the national markets of China, Russia and India give the three countries plenty of opportunities to combine their strategies. China’s “One Belt and One Road” initiative, the Eurasian Economic Union of Russia and the Indian Mausam project largely overlap. Thus, countries could strengthen cooperation in order to improve mutual relations and the development of the region.
Given that the three countries are important driving forces of a multipolar world and the democratization of international relations, as well as key members of BRICS and the SCO, they can easily stimulate the development of two new types of international organizations, deepening strategic cooperation. And the strategic consensus they have achieved will be crucial for expressing the common anxieties and aspirations of developing countries.
In efforts to co-ordinate their development plans, India, China and Russia must diversify and strengthen mechanisms for meetings of their foreign ministers and improve strategic interaction and cooperation in multilateral forums such as BRICS, SCO and the G20. promote reform of the world economy management system.
In the future, they must overcome resistance, move the functioning of the new multilateral mechanism and strengthen strategic ties and joint development in order to foster a just and reasonable world order.
Fu Xiaoqiang, Researcher at the Chinese Institute of Contemporary International Relations